NOTE TO ML3 OWNERS:
We strongly recommend that you have a high quality digital
voltmeter on hand in order to properly adjust and control
the parameters of the ML3s.
We use and recommend
FLUKE model 87-V. Using a cheap voltmeter
is likely to give the wrong reading of the parameters
resulting in improper adjustment, and, in the end, malfunction of the
12AX3/ 12BE3 tubes should be
replaced every 1.5-2 years
GM-70 tube should be replaced every 1.5 years
to maintain the best performance of the
The ML3 is a single-ended (SE) tube amplifier
utilizing a very powerful direct-heated triode GM-70 (125W plate dissipation) and a separate power supply. Combining the most
sophisticated technologies and electronic design with graceful looks
reminiscent of the classic era of tubes, the ML3 is our top-of-the-line,
It is a 32-watt amplifier that operates in pure
class A and utilizes no overall feedback. The topology is absolutely unique
and incorporates one of the most advanced power supplies ever featured in an
audio device. These factors, along
with the designer’s unique vision and understanding of the underlying
principles of audio electronics, make the ML3 an amplifier without peer.
With the ML3 as the centerpiece of a high-end
system, the recorded event is recreated in one’s listening room with
astonishing verisimilitude. The listener is able to experience an ephemeral
yet tangible connection to the essence of the music. These are not empty
claims. Those who have listened to the ML3 firsthand have unanimously
acknowledged this phenomenon and have reported it to be utterly unique in
their collective experience.
SE tube amplifiers, in general, have the
potential to reproduce music with greater realism than any other amplifier
type or topology. The reality, however, is another thing because of the
limitations inherent in most designs.
These amplifiers can sound lovely in the midrange but their
low and high frequency reproduction leaves much to be desired. The ML3
overcomes these obvious limitations.
resultant sound is strikingly similar to the live event.
Along with the ML2.1, the ML3 is practically
the only SE tube amplifier available capable of reproducing an entire range of
audio frequencies – not just the exquisite midrange but also the most
natural and extended bass and high frequencies. The amplifier’s innovative
circuitry enables it to recreate the original spectral balance and harmonic
structure of the recorded material without losing even the tiniest details and
nuances. Due to its extraordinary transparency, the ML3 is also unmatched its
ability to recreate a three-dimensional soundstage without boundaries and
limitations. As with the ML2.1, the ML3 brings out the most natural sound
performance inherent in the signal and unequivocally demonstrates what a
properly designed single-ended amplifier can do.
most advanced technical solutions have been employed in the design of this
amplifier. The custom-made
output transformer is of peerless quality. This, along with the sophisticated
power supply and unique front-end and output stages, enables the ML3 to drive
most real-world speakers and yield tremendous sonic stability under most
front-end circuitry (this design is unique to Lamm Industries, Inc.)
plate and filament transformers
quality film capacitors for the high voltage power supply that feeds the
soft-start and time-delay circuitries
option to turn the amp on/off remotely
amplifier is carefully constructed and handcrafted of the finest materials and
world-class parts, some of which include military-graded DALE metal film
resistors, PRC wire-wound resistors, CADDOCK power film resistors, BOURNS
multi-turn potentiometers, CORNELL DUBILIER and UNITED CHEMI-CON electrolytic
capacitors, ELECTROCUBE, ELCON and ROEDERSTEIN film capacitors, HAMMOND
chokes, gold-plated NEUTRIC and FISCHER connectors, heavy-duty gold-plated
binding posts, and military-graded low-noise long-life vacuum tubes.
attention was given to designing the plate, filament, and output transformers.
They have no mechanical contact with either the transformer cover or the
chassis and are suspended in a special encapsulant that almost completely
absorbs residual mechanical vibrations. This
plays a significant role in assuring the consummate clarity and
micro-resolution of the ML3 during sound reproduction.
ML3 has no overall feedback loop, however the amplifier features an option
that allows the user to introduce a small amount of local feedback in the
output stage. Furthermore, there
is a choice of two amounts of such feedback: NFB1 and NFB2, which differ in
their levels. Therefore, there
are three options regarding feedback use in the amplifier: no feedback, NFB1
multi-turn trimming potentiometer accessible through a special opening in the
amplifier’s chassis, along with a set of test points, allows the user to
adjust and measure the plate current of the output tube via an external
The ML3 works on all world AC line voltages
...There are small amps, there are large amps, there are stereo amps,
there are mono amps, and then there are Vladimir Lamm's ML3
Signature two-chassis monoblocks, demmed at FSI with Verity
Lohengrin speakers, a Lamm L2 Reference preamplifier, LP2 phono
preamp, NeoDio CD transport and DAC, and Kubala-Sosna cables, and
Critical Mass Systems racks.
...Listening to Louis Armstrong singing "Blues in the
Night" from LP, I auditioned the amps with no negative feedback and
just 1.2dB of negative feedback. You wouldn't have thought it would make
a difference, but darned if switching in even this minimal amount of
feedback—which, in theory, should make the amplifier perform better—didn't
diminish the enormous sense of space on the recording.
Atkinson, Stereophile (April, 2008) - http://blog.stereophile.com/fsi2008/040708lamm/
Most Significant New Product: The Lamm
ML3 monoblock power amplifier.
Valin, The Absolute Sound (April/May 2008, issue 181)
...32 Watts of single-ended power is
not a very impressive characteristic on a background of a multitude of tube
amplifiers that exist on this planet -- but that's not the case if we are
talking about the amplifiers produced by the New York-based company Lamm
Industries. A head of the company, Vladimir Lamm -- well-known to the
radio amateurs of the former USSR as Vladimir Shushurin -- developed a concept
and topology of the GM-70 tube-based amplifier over 20 years ago. The
realization of this concept took tremendous effort, huge financial investments
and engagement of the best transformer manufacturers in the world. The
working prototype was shown last year (at CES2007); this CES, the production
unit debuted in a system with Wilson Audio Maxx2 speakers, which, by the way,
are the not the easiest to drive. However, the ML3's 32 Watts
demonstrated quite clearly a complete superiority of the Watt quality over the
Watt quantity. Moreover, just based on the Show results, the ML3 is
obviously so much more superior to all the possible contenders that it alone
occupies the throne of the "Amplifier's Olympus".
S. Taranov, Audio Magazine,
issue 2 (79) 2008, page 42 (translated from Russian by E. Lamm)
click the links for the Russian
text and ML3 images printed in the
Industries launched the ML3 Signature ($139,290) -- a no-compromise 32Wpc
single-ended tube amplifier based on the GM-70 directly heated triode.
It's the Ferrari of single-ended amps, considering the wattage to price
ratio of over $4000 per watt. No doubt about it, that first watt is
pretty pricey, but it's the first watt that sets the stage, and is
responsible for much of the musical enjoyment. Rest assured that in
this case, the first few watts appear to be as good as it gets in the domain
of single-ended designs. The custom output trannies are capable of
wider bandwidth at full power than competing designs. In other words,
bass and treble response are not compromised for the sake of an exquisite
Olsher, The Absolute Sound (April/May 2008, issue 181), page 62
The 32Wpc Lamm ML3 Signature amplifier with its mate, the LL1 Signature preamplifier, take the definition of the absolute sound and turn it on its head. For 30 years, the illusion of live unamplified instruments in space has been a hallmark of this publication. Now with this Lamm attack on the state of the art we can (almost) throw away the word "illusion."
I believe this dynamic duo from Vladimir Lamm approaches what we all seek in the reproduction of music -- the actual sound of live instruments in space. These statement products, I dare say, do the near impossible. They reduce or eliminate two of the major sonic colorations and/or signatures that we reviewers harp on. The first being the electronic haze, though ever so slight, that amplifiers unavoidably add to the (image) of the instrument and the air surrounding it. The second coloration, and most egregious, is the old nemesis, midbass overhang. It's a coloration that poisons the foundation of the lower harmonics and ruins the "believability" of true-life instrumental timbre in the upper registers.
I am very enthusiastic that designers like Lamm recognize that sonic neutrality is not the only key to the authentic recreation of the musical event. There are also numerous subconscious references that our perception systems process when we listen to music. They work behind the scene and are, perhaps, the ultimate arbiter for "is it real?"
...I assert that it's the subconscious cues that allow the listener to bypass the audio system and to reach out and touch and feel the instrument itself. It's more than 3-D; it's a metaphysical thing, and it's the next logical step toward sonic reality.
...There is absolutely zero "tube" spatiality or warmth. There is no exaggeration of the harmonic envelope or chewy caramel texture to sink your teeth into. There is nothing at all added to the instrumental image. It pops right up, living and breathing--right there in front of you. That's easy enough; most of today's amplifiers do this. But there is more; there is an additional and unidentifiable "rightness" to the actual tone of an instrument that draws you closer to reality. The Lamms somehow rebuild the DNA of the instrument itself. It's uncanny. And it is this, and also their price, which set the Lamms apart from other reference amplifiers.
...I know this sounds somewhat absurd but I believe that Lamm (the man) has found a key psychoacoustic design parameter that few else have discovered.
Notwithstanding the reputation, and completely ignoring the price, we have here an extraordinary product. It does exactly what it is designed to do: realistically reproduce music.
Mind you, the cost of entry is high, oh so very high, but the performance is even higher. If you value sonic realism, the Lamm ML3 Signature amplifier and its trusty mate, the LL1 Signature linestage, have no peers. They redefine the state of the audio art. They are the actual sound.
Peter Breuninger, The Absolute Sound (December, 2010)
Sonically, the ML3 Signature lives up to its towering position in Vladimir Lamm's amplifier line. I've heard no amp with a more detailed and graceful midrange. The fact that it comes in the company of truly extended and complete bass and treble, along with the ability to drive a wide array of speakers, points to this SET amp being more than a different breed -- a new species. Headbangers need not fear the ML3 Signature's mere 32 watts, especially if the amps are paired with Wilson Audio X-2 Alexandria Series 2 speakers or a speaker of similarly high sensitivity. With the latest Wilson Audio X-2s, these amps perform as a single unit, the speakers providing the ultimate conduit for the amps' sound.
However, especially in trying economic times, the Lamm ML3 Signature occupies a very small market -- even smaller than similarly priced speakers, whose sheer size helps them make a case for their high cost. In discussing the value quotient of a product with a price as high as that of the ML3 Signature, then, you have to take into consideration not only the product's cost but also what a potential owner gets in return. The cost of the ML3 Signatures is high, and the return is also high -- in important ways, higher than any amp I've heard. And let's be honest -- people buying these amps aren't part of the shrinking American middle class; they're funded and landed, able to absord the cost of these amps as easily as I can the cost of a slice of pizza. That will make the ML3 Signature amps right for some very wealthy people and objects of fantasy to the rest of us. So it goes. Jealousy will get you nowhere.
SOUND. Super-charged SET amplifiers -- bass depth and power for sure, but also an unerring transition to the midbass and above along with a wonderfully animated midrange and refinement to the extreme. There is an intricate dance between resolution and naturalness, the sense that the amps are laying bare all musical detail in a very graceful way. This can make solid-state amps, even very good ones, sound crude and uninvolving by comparison, and it advances even further what SET amps traditionally do best.
FEATURES. A two-chassis 'no-compromise' single-ended amplifier that uses an esoteric direct-heated triode output tube. The separate power supply has six 12AX3 tubes as rectifiers and a custom-designed and -built transformer...The circuit outputs 32 watts -- a healthy amount of power for a SET amp...Input is either single-ended RCA or pseudo-balanced XLR, and speaker connections are included for 4-, 8-, and 16-ohm loads. The ML3 Signature is said to deliver its full rated power into any of these loads.
USE. The ML3 Signature is proudly a no-feedback design, which makes the inclusion of the feedback switches curious...While adding feedback will lower output impedance, seemingly making the amps suitable for use with tougher loads, Vladimir doesn't advocate this...Indeed, either feedback level softened the sound of the amps and foreshortened the soundstage. Try it and then forget it's there -- is my advice.
VALUE. One person who visited and heard the ML3 Signatures in my system put it best: "I want them. I can't afford them, but I want them."
Marc Mickelson, SoundStage! (September 2012)
complete reviews, please visit our REVIEWS page